Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications include diabetic ketoacidosis and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney failure, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.

Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. There are three main types of diabetes mellitus:

  • Type 1 DM results from the pancreas's failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as "insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (IDDM) or "juvenile diabetes". The cause is unknown.
  • Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as "non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (NIDDM) or "adult-onset diabetes". The primary cause is excessive body weight and not enough exercise.
  • Gestational diabetes, is the third main form and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop a high blood-sugar level.

Diabetes in India

Nearly 44 lakh Indians in their most productive years - aged 20 to 79 years - aren't aware that they are diabetic, a disease that exposes them to heart attack, stroke, amputations, nerve damage, blindness and kidney disease.

The diabetes epidemic in the country, that killed 10 lakh people in 2011, has also thrown up an interesting trend. Contrary to popular belief, diabetes affects more people in rural India (34 million) than affluent urban Indians (28 million). The gap between the number of diabetic men and women in India is also diminishing. While 33 million men are diabetic, 29 million women are affected by high blood sugar.

The latest global figures on diabetes, released by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), has raised a serious alarm for India by saying that nearly 52% of Indians aren't aware that they are suffering from high blood sugar.

  • In India nearly 5 crore population is diabetic and in the whole world nearly 25 crore are suffering from diabetes.
  • Nearly 50% patients do not even know thet they are suffering from diabetes. By the time they know it is too late.
  • Globally, in every 10 seconds a person is losing life due to diabetes and every 30 seconds, the requirement of amputing the feet due to diabetes arises.
  • Due to non-management of sugar, major organs of the body like heart, liver, eyes, nerves, feet & teeth are likely to have complications. Day to day one does not realize but after few year one has to spend his entire earnings of life time to curve various disease.
  • One can manage diabetes with life style management, exercise, Yoga and with healthy and balanced diet. Regular blood tests including the basic test related to foot, heart, eyes, teeth & kidney are desirable.
  • Majority of the people try to hide it and postpone the problems before it is too late. If one is diabetic, he/she is more prone to major infections.


Symptoms of Diabetes

  • Frequent Urination (Polyuria)
  • Increase in thirst (Polydipsia)
  • Increase in appetite (Polyphagia)
  • Fatigue
  • Dryness / itching of skin
  • Tingling or numbness of hands and legs
  • Frequent Infection
  • Blurred Vision
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Delayed Wound healing
  • Increased Thirst and apatite

Complications of Diabetes

  • Eyes Problem
  • Kidneys Failure
  • Feet & Nerves Problem (Amputation)
  • Heart Attack or stroke
  • Dental Decay
  • Gynecological Problems
  • Immunity Decay(more prone to infection)


Know more about Diabetes and Hypertension



Sankalp - A journey of friends fighting Diabetes

Every year, a number of people as well as children in India die of diabetes due to lack of knowledge. Generally, diabetes in a child is often overlooked. According to the medical experts, diabetes is considered as one of the most common chronic diseases which affect children. Children, irrespective of any age, even toddlers and babies can be a prey of this deadly disease.


India's 1st docu drama on "Diabetes"

The 1st ever docu-drama to be shot on "Diabetes". The 75 min. film has been shot with professional expertise at actual locations (city hospital). T.V. actors have been casted to lend in proficiency in the act. This medium has enough potential to reach the children and youth of our society.

Sankalp stitches together varied aspect related to Diabetes like the symptoms, causes, health problems, psychological problems for the child, stigma, financial burden, psychological burden on both parents and the childs, need of motivation and inspiration et. The film mixes some real life events with fiction dramatic settings and medical information. The Treament of the film is not preachy instead the message is inherent and is being presented in a manner which is simple to understand, thought provoking, instigating, inspiring and motivating.


There is an urgent need to prevent the emerging twin global epidemics of diabetes and obesity known as ‘DIABESITY’. Requests your partnership / sponsorship.


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